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Human mission to mars
Find out more about the new era in space exploration. Artemis is an ongoing space mission run by NASA with the goal of landing the first female astronaut and next male astronaut on the Moon's South Pole by It is the US space agency's first crewed Moon mission since Apollo 17 in The Artemis space missions are focussed on lunar exploration, but NASA's long term goals are event more ambitious. Using the capabilities, technology and research developed during the Artemis spaceflights and landings, NASA intends to launch a future crewed mission to Mars.
Artemis is the mythological Greek goddess of the Moon and twin sister of Apollo. The link with the mission which first launched humans to the Moon 50 years ago therefore is clear.
The name 'Artemis' is doubly ificant however, as one of NASA's mission objectives is to land the first woman on the Moon. The crewed spacecraft currently under development meanwhile is called Orion, one of the most recognisable constellations in the sky and the mythological hunting companion of Artemis.
NASA is not simply aiming to repeat the feats of the Apollo missions with Artemis, but rather to go to the Moon 'and stay there'. That means investigating the possibility of establishing bases both in lunar orbit and on the Moon's surface, although the primary goal for now still involves returning humans to the Moon by There are four main phases of the Artemis Moon missions currently in development.
Each section is needed to make a crewed Moon landing by These include:. Equipped with life support systems and shuttle interfaces, Orion is the command module needed to transport the astronauts through space. In Februarythe module began its testing, with NASA subjecting it to the extreme temperatures and harsh environment it will experience in space.
The Lunar Gateway is a small space station orbiting the Moon that is deed to dock with the Orion module and serve as the astronauts' base when exploring the lunar surface. Unlike the International Space Station ISSit won't be permanently occupied but will serve as a platform where astronauts can live and undertake research for short periods.
International partners such as the European Space Agency are working with NASA on the de for the Lunar Gateway, with the aim of launching the first parts of the structure aboard a commercial rocket in The lunar landing vehicles will take cargo and humans from the Lunar Gateway to the Moon's surface.
NASA is currently working alongside commercial companies to develop both a human landing system known as HLS and a series of other vehicles for robotics and cargo. Where Apollo's Lunar Module was deed to be used for one return journey to the Moon's surface, the landing systems for the Artemis missions are set to be used for multiple missions. Tying together all these elements is the launcher that will carry them beyond Earth's atmosphere and into space. When complete, the SLS will be the most powerful rocket in the world, rivalling the original Saturn V launcher that first took astronauts to the Moon.
The launcher has been in development at NASA for most of the last decade, enduring multiple delays and rising costs. While the journey to the Moon takes three days, reaching Mars is a far lengthier and more complicated goal.
NASA sees Artemis as laying the foundation for both international space agencies and private companies to build a lunar settlement and economy, and from there eventually send humans to Mars. However, the budget requires approval from Congress before it can be confirmed. The mission was originally scheduled foralthough NASA is now hoping to conduct this test before the end of Its orbit will take it 62 miles above the lunar surface before it continues 40, miles beyond the Moon.
After a travel time of 20 to 25 days, the module will splash down in the Pacific Ocean near California. Planned for launch in latethis will be a pioneering crewed spaceflight for the Artemis Program, taking humans further than they've ever been in space.
After being launched into space by the SLS rocket, the four-person crew will fly the Orion module km beyond the Moon, complete a lunar flyby and return to Earth. The mission will take between eight to ten days and collect valuable flight test data.
The third mission to the Moon is set to be the first Moon landing since Apollo 17 inand aims to put the first woman astronaut on the Moon. Building on the Artemis 2 mission, four astronauts aboard the Orion module will dock with the Lunar Gateway and remain in space for 30 days.
The human landing system will then take two astronauts down to the Moon's South Pole, a region ly unvisited by humans. The astronauts are expected to spend a week exploring the surface and perform a variety of scientific studies, including sampling water ice - first detected on the Moon in NASA are currently focusing their attentions on Artemis missions 1 to 3.
If these prove successful, NASA has ambitions for further crewed missions on an annual basis through to One expectation is for future astronauts to begin establishing a base on the surface of the Moon, with a view to eventually using the satellite as a staging post on the journey to Mars. NASA have set tight time constraints in reaching the Moon by and so the challenges are steep. Several of the private companies tasked with deing and manufacturing the crew-carrying spacecraft are facing technological delays, and the US government has identified schedule problems and cost overruns with the SLS rocket development.
The deadline for the next intake closed on 31 Marchbut you can find out more about the application process here.
The last manned lunar landing
Bridenstine said that NASA was looking for 'talented men and women from diverse backgrounds and every walk of life to us in this new era of human exploration that begins with the Artemis program to the Moon. If you have always dreamed of being an astronaut, apply now.
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Come to Greenwich Visit Insight Investment Astronomy Photographer of the Year to see stunning images of the Moon and the world's best space photography Find out more. Orion's planned crew, command and service modules. Source: NASA Unique Space-inspired gifts Explore space from the comfort of home. Special Price. Buy Now. Have you ever imagined journeying though outer space or taking a cosmic commute?
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Apollo 17 (as)